C)enhanced group members' initial leaning. 2. Liberals favored an international treaty to control climate change before discussion; they favored it more strongly after discussion. Example 3. Why Group Polarization Happens. According to Stoner, the decisions that are taken as a part of a group are much more riskier than when these decisions are taken as an individual before the group has met. ... Conformity – People tend to think and behave in similar ways when they’re within a group setting. -Group Polarization in schools -Group Polarization in communities -Group Polarization on the Internet -Group Polarization in Terrorist Organizations 37. These theories for group polarization can be broken down further into two main categories: normative influence and informative influence. Tags: Question 10 . Often a three-sided conflict develops among the two polarized groups and mediators who wish to de-emphasize divisive issues altogether. Hitler used media to propagate hate speech which eventually led to the formation of many extremists groups. Degree Type Dissertation Degree Name Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Graduate Group Political Science First Advisor Marc N. Meredith Keywords agenda setting, interest groups, legislatures, lobbying, polarization, state politics Subject Categories Group polarization results in: A. group members moving from extreme attitudes toward more moderate attitudes B. group members driving decisions toward consensus C. the tendency for group discussion to produce shifts toward more extreme attitudes among members D. the tendency for group members who were initially more cautious to become significantly less cautious ANSWER: D, easy, … Causes of Polarization. Multiple Choice . What drives political polarization? When people are placed into a group and these people have to deal with some situation, the group as a whole typically has some overriding attitude toward the situation. That is, if a group initially favors a viewpoint, after discussion the group consensus is likely a stronger endorsement of the viewpoint. Where did the study of group polarization first originate? Group polarization focuses on how groups usually make decisions that are more extreme than the original thoughts and views of the individual team members. That’s group polarization in action. The group polarization theory has its roots in a predecessor theory called ‘the risky shift’ that was put forth by an MIT student, James Stoner, in the year 1961. While polarization can occur in any type of conflict, it has it most damaging effects in large-scale inter-group, public policy, and international conflicts. Is it simply disagreement over the great issues of the day? 30 seconds . Let’s say you are part of a group assigned to make a presentation. Similarly, studies have shown that after deliberating together, mock jury members often decided on punitive damage awards that … Free. Group polarization is the usual pattern with deliberating groups, having been found in hundreds of studies involving more than a dozen countries, including the United States, France, and Germany. Self-categorization theory (Turner, 1985; Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987) explains group polarization as conformity to a polarized norm which defines one's own group in contrast to other groups within a specific social context. Let's look at gangs as another example. “Polarization” is not a new thing in the political world. Tags: Question 9 . Q. Normative Influence states that people will alter their opinions in a group setting in order to fit in or be looked upon more favorably by their peers. Normative Influence. The ideas are basically handy and suited to all sorts of travel. Social grasping will be the approach of learning by using social conversation. Unlock to view answer. Tendency for some groups to make bad decisions. Group polarization (Teger & Pruitt, 1967) is the strengthening of an original group attitude after the discussion of views within a group. Group polarization can also be observed in cyber wars and online discussions. B)more risk than the average individual would take. group think. Group polarization as a concept first came to light in an unpublished study by MIT student James Stoner. Group Polarization. In fact one of the neatest pieces of real-world group polarization research examines the US legal system. Group Polarization. Very simply, group polarization happens because you take the most extreme part of a bunch of people, add that all up, and get something more extreme. Even though initially you think the clip is inappropriate, you begin to change your mind as the group discusses the idea. Festinger found support for that idea by demonstrating that participants who engaged in a group discussion about their parents while being dressed alike in a dimly lit room were more likely to make negative comments than were participants in a control group. One of the group members suggests showing a short video that, although amusing, includes some provocative images. A good quizlet for this unit will have visuals due to the large amount of brain anatomy. 53. Groupthink is a phenomenon in which a group of individuals come to a consensus without critical reasoning or considering the consequences or alternatives. It truly is without doubt one of 2018’s main business developments. Whether the ingroup norm is polarized or not depends on the social comparative context within which the ingroup defines itself. 30 seconds . The original work in this area was completed by a graduate student at MIT, Stoner (1961) was testing the common belief that a group would be riskier than an individual. Over time and with group discussion, the group's attitude toward that situation may change. For example, studies have suggested that when a large group watches a person standing on a windowsill of a tall building and the effect of deindividuation is strong enough, the participants of that group are more likely to encourage the person to jump. Group polarization does not occur in all groups and in all settings but tends to happen when two conditions are present. Groupthink, mode of thinking in which individual members of small cohesive groups tend to accept a viewpoint or conclusion that represents a perceived group consensus, whether or not the group members believe it to be valid, correct, or optimal.Groupthink reduces the efficiency of collective problem solving within such groups.. Recent research by the More in Common Foundation found that more than three-fourths of Americans support both stricter gun laws and a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants brought here as children. Bystander Effect – If more people are present during a situation, they are less likely to intervene. For example, a group of women who hold moderately feminist views tend to demonstrate heightened pro-feminist beliefs following group discussion. Polarization is caused by a number of related psychological, sociological, and political processes. In other words, the deindividuated situation allowed participants to express views that they would normally keep to themselves. A) extreme B) divided C) conservative D) accurate. 38. According to research on group polarization,people who make decisions in groups tend to make decisions that are more _____ than people who make decisions on their own. Not necessarily. Main and Walker (1973) analysed the decisions of Federal district court judges sitting either alone or in groups of three to see if group discussions were a factor. If the group members generally support liberal policies, their opinions are likely to become even more liberal after discussion. In the 1,500 cases where judges sat alone they took an extreme course of action only 30% of the time. Why do groups adopt stances that are more exaggerated than that of their average individual member? However, recent research in the United States shows that polarization is more complicated and worrying when it comes to identity politics. Group Polarization Refers To Quizlet. A. INFORMATIONAL INFLUENCEA group discussion elicits a pooling of ideas which could include ideas that were not previously … The finding was termed the “Risky Shift” and spurred a ton of research aiming to support the idea that groups were riskier than individuals. This is referred to as group polarization (Moscovici & Zavalloni, 1969). Group Polarization: Group polarization refers to a situation where the attitudes or decisions of people in the group come out much stronger than in actuality. Q 22 Q 22. Groupthink: Groupthink refers to a condition in which members of a group arrive at conclusions based on the pressure from the group as they put their opinions and beliefs aside. Group polarization is defined as a phenomenon when “members of a deliberating group move toward a more extreme point in whatever direction is indicted by the members’ predeliberation tendency.” Group polarization leads to changing attitudes among individuals within the group. This is a simple action you can actually apply if you desire to journey. A year for all travels. Multiple Choice . D)group moderation. answer choices . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. First, the group members must have an initial leaning toward a given opinion or decision. polarization in Congress, and an uneven pattern of polarization in the American state legislatures. group norms. Group polarization is an important phenomenon in social psychology and is observable in many social contexts. SURVEY . People want to be seen as unique, so they start throwing out extreme ideas that get them a lot of speaking time and attention. Groups in which members pretty … Q 59 Q 59. Free. To offer a little more detail: Discussion made same-sex unions more popular among liberals; discussion made such unions less popular among conservatives. Other articles where Polarization is discussed: collective behaviour: Short-term effects: …of collective behaviour contribute to polarizations, forcing people to take sides on issues and eliminating the middle ground. While there are many factors that led to the Holocaust, group holocaust is said to be among the most notable ones. It basically refers to the divergence of political attitudes toward ideological extremes. Research on group polarization began with the erroneous conclusion that group discussion leads to A)more caution than individuals would take. Unlock to view answer . Often, group decisions are made by homogenous groups—groups with members who tend to think like one another. They wear certain colors, might … It helps account for many terrible things, including terrorism, stoning, and “mobbing” in all its forms. When Pepsi posted the infamous things become viral on the internet. Start studying Unit 4. Overview. neglected8 empirical regularity – that of group polarization -- and to relate this phenomenon to a number of issues in law and political theory. social loafing. When someone enters a gang, they take on the identity of that gang. group polarization. The tendency of a group's views to get stronger during group discussions, which may lead to more extreme decisions. Q. group polarization. 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