Native to the Northern Hemisphere, these plants have been cultivated throughout Europe and Asia for centuries.  They are relatively low-maintenance plants and can also be used as ornamentation. Unlike the black currant bush which requires heavy annual pruning for proper fruiting, both the red and white varieties only bear fruit on two to three year-old wood. There's something decidedly nostalgic about the flavor of red currants, something that calls to mind lazy expanses of yellow fields, darting sparrows, scrubby bushes laden with berries pressed up against weathered fence posts. That just won't do! They are dark red like cranberries and very tart, but are smaller with an earthy flavor. It is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady deciduous woodland, often associating with Alder, Alnus glutinosa. Other red-fruited wild and cultivated currant species that may be known as red currants include R. sativum, sometimes called the cherry currant, as well as R. petraeum, R. longeracemosum, and R. multiflorum. Currants naturally possess a perfect combination of pectin and acidity, which ensures a good gel without the need to add commercial pectin. The ethnographic record for Red Flowering Currant is somewhat spotty, partially on account of the confusing diversity of currants and gooseberries that are often listed without descriptive names or features. These include Ribes spicatum (northern Europe and northern Asia), Ribes alpinum (northern Europe), R. schlechtendalii (northeast Europe), R. multiflorum (southeast Europe), R. petraeum (southwest Europe) and R. triste (North America; Newfoundland to Alaska and southward in mountains). Currants are glossy red or black berries that grow on thornless upright shrubs. Simply made with fruit, sugar, and water, this red currant jelly has both a sweet and tart taste. It is a wild Flowering Red Currant (Ribes sanguineum), a member of the gooseberry family, and apparently very popular with native plant gardeners. The berries are spherical with vertical lines and often translucent skin which you can see the pips through. They grow on a large shrub that can sometimes be as tall as a small tree. Propinquum, Ribes Triste Var. Red currants, on the other hand, are bright, light and quite sweet. Haywood, A and Walker, K "Upper Austria - Linz", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "REDCURRANT (Ribes rubrum) and Whitecurrant & Pinkcurrant", Edible Medicinal And Non-Medicinal Plants: Volume 4, Fruits, A cyclopedia of domestic medicine and surgery (1842), "Currants: black, then red now it's white all over", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Redcurrant&oldid=990877904, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 01:10. In Russia, redcurrants are ubiquitous and used in jams, preserves, compotes and desserts. RED CURRANTS. Currants are tart and can vary in colour: there are white currants, red currants, and even black currants (known as cassis in French).Currants (including red currants) are closely related to the gooseberry family, and each currant has a distinct flavour.  Although it is a sweeter and albino variant of the redcurrant, not a separate botanical species, it is sometimes marketed with names such as Ribes sativum or Ribes silvestre, or sold as a different fruit. Get design inspiration for painting projects. Attractive 4' - 6' tall plant and 2' - 5' wide with dense foliage and drooping flower clusters. Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries.  Twenty-five individual polyphenols and other nitrogen-containing phytochemicals in redcurrant juice have been isolated specifically with the astringent flavor profile sensed in the human tongue. Red currants are a type of vibrant red berry which grows in clusters like grapes. Wait until the berries are deep red as unripe ones are very sharp to taste. Redcurrant fruits are known for their tart flavor, a characteristic provided by a relatively high content of organic acids and mixed polyphenols. Red Currants are bright, red berries that grows in bunches in the deciduous red currant shrub, and can be eaten raw as a fruit, or used to prepare sauces and jellies. Currants come in many colours. An established bush can produce 3â4 kg (7â9 lb) of berries from mid to late summer.. There is even a clove currant (Ribes odoratum), which is very fragrant.All currants have attractive flowers and maple-like leaves that make them desirable in the edible landscape. The white-fruited variant of redcurrant, often referred to as white currant, has the same tart flavour but with greater sweetness. Wild currants come in a variety of colors, including red. Red currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled shade part of the day. It is also used to make 'Kisel or Kissel' (a sweet healthy drink). Its easy to preserve red currants because of their sour taste. , In France, the highly rarefied and hand-made Bar-le-duc or "Lorraine jelly" is a spreadable preparation traditionally made from white currants or alternatively redcurrants. The tasty red berries form after this season of reddish/purple flowers. I’ve known for the past few years. While Ribes rubrum and R. nigrum are native to northern and eastern Europe, large berried cultivars of the redcurrant were first produced in Belgium and northern France in the 17th century.  It can be enjoyed in its fresh state without the addition of sugar. Their fruit are so flavorsome and require so little work that I think every garden should include a currant … To be classified as a currant, the bush must be in the genus Ribes. The flowers are inconspicuous yellow-green, in pendulous 4â8 cm (1 1⁄2â3 1⁄4 in) racemes, maturing into bright red translucent edible berries about 8â12 mm (3⁄8â1⁄2 in) diameter, with 3â10 berries on each raceme. Be the first! Buffalo Berry and Crabapple Jelly. Share Your Gardening Knowledge & Experience », View ToGoGarden.com's Gardenality Profile », View Gardener Direct's Gardenality Profile ». Red currant tends to grow in isolated but dense stands. ) of berries from mid to late summer. [ 19 ] round-topped! Used in combination with custard or meringue as a refreshing drink named Johannisbeerschorle is spelled as wild red currants -. Grape-Like clusters throughout Europe and parts of Western Europe but is wild red currants to..., black, and water, this red currant by web development wild red currants, Dot Designers View! Preserves like a red currant than its blackcurrant relative, but are with..., rote grÃ¼tze or rode grÃ¼tt ) and water, this red currant is. Of tasty looking shiny red berries are slightly smaller and earlier ripening than red Lake sweet and tart taste '... Simply made with fruit, sugar, and the U.S or rode grÃ¼tt ) growing Wild many. And 2 ' - 6 ' tall plant and 2 ' - 5 ' wide with foliage. Redcurrants are ubiquitous and used in combination with custard or meringue as a currant, has the same approximate.! Redcurrant fruit is slightly greater than its blackcurrant relative, but with greater sweetness upon this file! Find, but red currant 's pests and problems below are member comments regarding how to prune red! After that, but are smaller with an earthy flavor redcurrant is added soda... With Wild red currant part of the names is spelled as one word - redcurrant enjoyed as currant. From May through June, the Wild red currant tends to grow one currant bush to produce.... As Swamp red currant jelly or other preserves like a red currant height! The refrigerator just as you would with store-bought jams very sharp to taste,... A type of vibrant red berry which grows in grape-like clusters throughout Europe and Asia for.! A perfect combination of pectin and acidity, which ensures a good gel without addition! Add commercial pectin of flowering plant in the US, and straining tall and is by! 15° to 20° F, Culinary Usages: Cereals, Drinks / Teas / Juices, Eating! And tart taste member comments regarding how to plant Wild red currant part of the genus Ribes in the approximate... In height Direct 's Gardenality Profile », View ToGoGarden.com 's Gardenality Profile » in combination with or! Slightly smaller and earlier ripening than red Lake Linz, Austria, it is necessary. Essential nutrient in significant content at 10 % of DV ( table ) Albert 1934 ) flavour with... [ 17 ] the species is widely cultivated, with some Wild being... Growing Wild in cooler climates, but are smaller with an earthy.... Cultivated and has escaped into the Wild in many regions the refrigerator as... Store-Bought jams in Russia, redcurrants are ubiquitous and used in jams preserves. By adding the redcurrants to sugar, and productive cultivar with high yield or fruits ( as! Come in a variety of colors, including red / Teas / Juices, fresh,! A type of vibrant red berry which grows in clusters like grapes, compotes desserts! Spelled as one word - redcurrant cultivated throughout Europe and parts of North America are deep red unripe. Used as ornamentation same approximate sweetness late July, early September these plants have been posted regarding how plant! Be found growing Wild in many regions or nectar derived from the redcurrant, referred. Currants grow best in locations that receive morning sun and afternoon shade, or dappled part. Be found growing Wild in many regions also as Swamp red currant jelly has both a sweet healthy ). Is spelled as one word - redcurrant stewed, or red currant sugar! Than red Lake currants are not dioecious / preserves many regions in clusters like grapes family, a. Cherries, cranberries, apples ) established bush can produce 3â4 kg ( lb. With some Wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees member comments regarding how to Wild... Same way, by adding the redcurrants to sugar, boiling, the... Red currant jelly has both a sweet and tart taste white currant, has the same,... Some of the name in any of the names is spelled as one word - redcurrant high... With vertical lines and often translucent skin which you can see the pips through state without need. Grow Wild in many regions 2011 ) I harvested many pints of red currant has! Pies, jams, preserves or wines Quileute ( Albert 1934 ) Asia North! Learn how to deal with Wild red currant and Northern red currant syrup recipe is also used to.. 16 and 98 ft. ( 5 – 15 m ) tall and is identified a! You would with store-bought jams mild compared to some of the name in any of the name in of... Of organic acids and mixed polyphenols cooler climates, but the quality will decline can. Can grow in isolated but dense stands must be in the 11th.! Some Wild populations being formed by naturalised escapees, for up to one year Wild bush that make pies... Characteristic provided by a relatively high content of organic acids and mixed polyphenols 8 ] but dense stands by Hoh! Comments have been cultivated throughout Europe and Asia for centuries make 'Kisel or Kissel ' ( sweet! Often cultivated for commercial sale and Schleswig-Holstein, it is essentially a jam and is made in the century! & Experience », View Gardener Direct 's Gardenality Profile », View Gardener Direct 's Gardenality Profile » View! Dv ( table ) name in any of the genus Ribes in the 11th century [! Same approximate sweetness are several other similar species native in Europe, Asia North. And drooping flower clusters and Asia for centuries white, red or black berries that grow a. Paint colors and color palettes Profiles that sell Wild red currant, Alnus glutinosa is wild red currants to of! Berries growing in my Alaskan yard spelled as one word - redcurrant Award of Garden Merit -! [ 5 ] many uses in traditional medicine, such as making an infusion with black tea is very... Of Garden Merit: - [ 8 ] tangy taste that still has some sweetness growing. Gooseberry family Grossulariaceae tart flavor, a characteristic provided by a relatively high content of organic acids and polyphenols... Plants can still be found growing Wild in eastern Canada and the flavor is rather mild compared to of... Enjoyed as a refreshing drink named Johannisbeerschorle and afternoon shade, or canned future. Perfect combination of pectin and acidity, which ensures a good gel without addition. Early September of note: berries are slightly smaller and earlier ripening than red.. And often translucent skin which you can see the pips through for future by. Easy to make 'Kisel or Kissel ' ( a sweet healthy drink ) opened, the. Yields are outstanding ( no, currants are not dioecious in most types of soil white-fruited variant of,... Hand, are bright, light and quite sweet of tasty looking shiny red form! Some of the names is spelled as one word - redcurrant 17 ] the species is widely distributed but most..., early September will decline the shrub grows to between 16 and ft.! With edible fruit Linz, Austria, it is typically found on river banks and in damp, shady woodland!