Aarseth, I., Nesje, A., & Fredin, O. The innermost arm of the Sognefjorden is called the Lustrafjord, in the municipality of Luster. Popular activities in the Nærøyfjord are kayaking – exploring a massive fjord in a little kayak is an unforgettable experience – and hiking. Originated from the word “fare” which means travel, Fjords means the one which travels. At a maximum depth of 511 metres, it’s the deepest lake in British Columbia and the third-deepest lake in British Columbia. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. [4] Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Sognefjord is the largest fjord in the country and the third longest in the world, it stretches for 250 km (127 mi) into the inland until reaches a small village of Skjolden. Though the nickname has been given probably due to its greatness, it has indeed been visited by both King and Queens over the years! This uplift, that occurred long before the Quaternary glaciations, enabled rivers to incise deeply the Paleic relief. The areas around Quesnel are popular with sports fishing people and tourism. Jervis Inlet, the deepest fjord in BC. The deepest fjord lake in the world.. 342 views Quesnel is a glacial lake also known as a fjord, and important as a source of drinking water and fresh fish. Mitrovica, Montenegro has a grove of 2000 year old olive trees. The Sognefjord area includes the municipalities of Aurland, Balestrand, Høyanger, Leikanger, Luster, Lærdal, Sogndal, Vik and Årdal. The second deepest lake in Canada, Quesnel is in British Columbia. This current on the surface in turn pulls dense salt water from the coast across the fjord threshold and into the deepest parts of the fjord. [4] At its end is the village of Skjolden, which is an access point to Jotunheimen National Park. Located in Vestland county in Western Norway, it stretches 205 kilometres (127 mi) inland from the ocean to the small village of Skjolden in the municipality of Luster. Sognefjord is situated on the western edge of Norway where it spans a length of approximately 127 miles. Deepest fjord in North America: Lynn Canal: 9: Deepest pit cave in the world: Arroyo Seco, Querétaro, Mexico. Scoresby Sund (Greenland) is the longest fjord at 350 km. It leaves Bergen and travels upto and along the fjord ,stopping at villages along the fjords edge. The fjord is up to 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) wide. Russia's national treasure, Lake Baikal, is the world's deepest lake and is our planet's largest freshwater lake measured by water volume. In earlier times, transport between Bergen and the Scandinavian inland was by boat between Bergen and Skjolden and from there on a simple road over the highlands (today Norwegian County Road 55), or by boat to Lærdal and through the mountain pass to Valdres (now European route E16). Boka Bay is the southernmost fjord in the world. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. At one point the impressive fjord reaches depth of 1,308 m (4,291 ft) below the sea. [18], Around the inner end of the fjord, three of Norway's famous stave churches have survived: Kaupanger and Urnes (along the shoreline) and Borgund (30 kilometres or 19 miles into the Lærdal valley).[18]. The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. (2014). The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden , nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. To confirm the exact definition of any inlet, it is best to consult a few different sources and compare their physical features and the remarks of qualified geologists and scientists. The deepest fjords in the wor. Sognefjorden is also in the process of being certified as a Sustainable Destination, a seal of approval given to destinations that work systematically to reduce the negative impact of tourism. The inner part […] Sognefjord, the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, lies right in the heart of Fjord Norway and extends more than 200 kilometers inland to the foot of the Jotunheimen, Jostedalsbreen and Breheimen national parks. Together with the Geirangerfjord in Møre og Romsdal, the Nærøyfjord is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. But it is not the deepest lake of Canada. The Sognefjord Fjord is the longest and deepest in Norway and the trip from Bergen to Flam on the local boat is the only way to see it. Fjords are considered as the very symbol of Norway by many people. As Norway’s largest, deepest and longest fjord, the Sognefjord holds a … Sognefjord’s deepest point is over 1300 meters, while, for reference, some Norwegian mountains tower over 2000 meters. Regardless of the many other Fjords found in the world, Norway, holds the biggest concentration of Fjords and the most spectacular. Near its mouth, the bottom rises abruptly to a sill about 100 metres (330 ft) below sea level. It originates from the Norwegian Sea, which is part of the North Atlantic Ocean, and stretches 127 miles inland, all the way to Skjolden, which is a small village in the municipality of Luster. From Brekke the floor rises rapidly to Losna island, then drops gradually with a threshold at about 150 metres (490 ft) in the Solund area. [16], During the last glaciation the ice reached a maximum thickness of nearly 3000 meters in the Sognefjord area. In a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine the famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. [19][20], There are many ferry crossings of the Sognefjord. The canyon of the river Tara is the deepest canyon in Europe. Quesnel Lake is said to be the deepest fjord lake in the world. The deepest hole ever dug may be pretty unassuming, but I suspect I’m not alone in being a little freaked out by it. New species … Sognefjord is the largest fjord in the country and the third longest in the world, it stretches for 250 km (127 mi) into the inland until reaches a small village of Skjolden. The Messier Channel has a depth of 4,455 feet is named after French astronomer Charles Messier. The Skelton Inlet gets its name from British Lt. Reginald W. Skelton, the chief engineer of the ship and crew who discovered the fjord during the Discovery Expedition that lasted from 1901 to 1904. Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley.Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). And its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers. Gudvangen is situated by the Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord particularly noted for its unspoiled nature and dramatic scenery, and only 300 metres (980 ft) across at its narrowest point. Thus the climate of the inner end of Sognefjorden and its branches are not as wet as on the outer coastline. Several rivers pour fresh water into the fjord with an annual "spring" flood in June. ... Sognefjord is Norway's longest fjord. In geography, a fjord refers a long, deep, narrow arm, or inlet of the sea or a lake drain which extends inland in the form of a deep valley, often with cliffs. Its bottom is 4,215 feet below sea level. [15][13] The fluvial and glacial erosion that made the fjords has followed structural weaknesses in the crust. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord[1][2][3]), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. [9] The average width of the main branch of the Sognefjord is less than 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). The … Continue reading "The Sognefjord" [6], The fjord runs through many municipalities: Solund, Gulen, Hyllestad, Høyanger, Vik, Sogndal, Lærdal, Aurland, Årdal, and Luster. At the outlet of Quesnel lake, thought to be the world's deepest fjord-lake: with an estimated (but as yet unverified) maximum depth of approximately 600 m, it may be among the ten deepest lakes on the planet; Differences in the Scandinavian and English languages have caused disagreements among geologists and scientists in terms of which bodies of water should be considered fjords as opposed to channels, inlets, lagoons, and bays. And the major inflows are Horsefly River and Mitchell River. Scoresby Sund (Greenland) is the longest fjord at 350 km. The World's Deepest Fjords Skelton Inlet Antarctica’s Ross Ice Shelf is home to the world’s deepest fjord, known as the Skelton Inlet, which is 6,342 feet below sea level at its deepest point. It is so special and spectacular that in 2005 it was placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list. There is a plan to build a road across the Sognefjord, crossing through a submerged tube in mid-water anchored to floats. The deepest fjord in Norway is the Sognefjord as it drops 1,308 metres below sea level! The Sognefjord – Norway’s longest and deepest fjord, which stretches 204 kilometres inland from the coast north of Bergen – is no exception. Thresholds occur in an area with sounds, valleys, and low land where the glacier was allowed spread out and lose its erosive effect. [14][15] An estimate of 7610 km3 of rock has been eroded from the Sognefjord drainage basin since the Paleic surface formed. The fjord reaches a maximum depth of 1,308 metres (4,291 ft) below sea level, and the greatest depths are found in the central parts of the fjord near Høyanger. The famous fjords of Norway were selected as the number one unspoiled travel spot from a list of 115 destinations around the world in a survey conducted by National Geographic Traveler Magazine. This will avoid storms on the surface, and will not have to go over a kilometer deep to get below the bed of the fjord. [7][8] Sognefjord is more than 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) deep for about 100 kilometres (62 mi) of its length, from Rutledal to Hermansverk. [12] The mouth of the fjord is surrounded by many islands including Sula, Losna, and Hiserøyna. Known as ‘the King of the fjords’, it’s located in the county of Sogn og Fjordane in the western part of the country. The largest Fjord is found in Greenland, the Scoresby Sund, extending for 220 miles, while the deepest Fjord is found in Antarctica, the Skelton Inlet 6,342 ft deep. The inner part has extensive tributary fjords such as Aurlandsfjorden, while the outer part is connected by narrow sounds to neighbouring fjords. And its fertile waters are a must-fish destination for anglers looking for big lake lunkers. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. The … Continue reading "The Sognefjord" A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. It is the longest and deepest fjord in Norway, and its mouth is located 45 miles (72 km) north of Bergen . The greatest elevation from sea bed to summit is at Sogndal. Around the outer area the land rises to about 500 metres (1,600 ft) above the sea, while in the inner areas of the fjord, they reach about 1,600 metres (5,200 ft). The Baker Channel, sometimes called the Calen Inlet, is 4,104 feet below sea level at its deepest point and penetrates the mainland for approximately 75 miles. The Sognefjord extends all the way from the Skjolden village in Norway’s Luster municipality to the ocean. From the village of Flåm, the Flåm Railway climbs 864 metres (2,835 ft) up to Myrdal Station in a distance of only 20 kilometres (12 mi)—the steepest unassisted railway climb in the world. The Norwegian roots of the word stem from the fact that Norway’s coastline has the highest number of documented fjords. T he deepest point on the earth, the Mariana Trench, reaches the depth of about 10,994 m, measured at a small slot-shaped valley in its floor known as the Challenger Deep. [5] The name is related to Norwegian word súg- "to suck", presumably from the surge or suction of the tidal currents at the mouth of the fjord. Many fjords are astonishingly deep; Sogn Fjord in Norway is 1,308 m (4,290 feet) deep, and Canal Messier in Chile is 1,270 m (4,167 feet). Alternative Title: fiord Fjord, also spelled fiord, long narrow arm of the sea, commonly extending far inland, that results from marine inundation of a glaciated valley. Sognefjord - explore the longest and deepest fjord in Norway The Sognefjord (or Sognefjorden in Norwegian) is located on the west coast in Norway. Skelton Inlet (Antarctica) is the deepest at 1.9 km. [13] The fjords of western Norway formed in connection to the east-ward tilting of much of Norway during the Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains. Its length, from the offshore island of Outer Sula (Ytre Sula) in the North Sea to Skjolden, at the head of its longest branch, Lustra Fjord, is 128 miles (206 km). To put that in perspective, Kola descends further than the deepest point of the ocean, which lies at nearly 6.8 miles (11 kilometers). People from the Thule culture lived here until about 1800. The fjord is 204 kilometers long and 1308 meters deep. Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. The Sognefjord, the king of the fjords, is the longest fjord adventure in Norway. Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. Confluence of tributary fjords led excavation of the deepest fjord basin. We untied our lines from our slip at Pender Harbour at 7:45 a.m. to start our 48-mile trek up Jervis Inlet. The origin of this lake is Quesnel River. The Sognefjord or Sognefjorden (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsɔ̂ŋnəˌfjuːɳ], English: Sogn Fjord), nicknamed the King of the Fjords, is the largest and deepest fjord in Norway. Skelton Inlet (Antarctica) is the deepest at 1.9 km. Another spectacular creation of mother nature, a fjord is a deep, slender and elongated sea or lake drain surrounded by steep land on three sides. In 1925 about 70 inhabitants from Tasiilaq = Ammassalik ( 800 km to the south ) repopulated the area in the settlement Scoresbysund ( Ittoqqortoormiit = place with big houses). Sognefjord (Norway) is the 2nd longest, 205 km, and 2nd deepest, 1.3 km. ... You have only you in this world. The fjord has become a tourist attraction with summer tourists being an important part of the local economy. Chile is home to the world’s second deepest fjord, which is located in the sparsely populated region of Patagonia at the southern section of the Andes Mountains. This populati… The Nærøyfjord, a branch of the Sognefjord, is part of the UNESCO World Heritage. Sogn Fjord, fjord, western Norway. In Norway we have a saying that as high as the mountain you see from the [4], The fjord gives its name to the surrounding district of Sogn. Near the coast the fjord mouth is bounded largely by low islands and skerries that are part of the strandflat. [10], The inner end of the Sognefjord is southeast of a mountain range rising to about 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above sea level and covered by the Jostedalsbreen, continental Europe's largest glacier. Like the Messier Channel, it is considered a fjord although its name suggests it is a channel. The Scoresby Sund ( Kangertittivaq ) in East Greenland is the largest fjord in the world. Sognefjord. By Joseph Kiprop on November 26 2018 in Environment, The word "fjord" is Norwegian in origin and can be loosely translated to mean "to travel across" or "to ferry." It existed already as part of the ancient Paleic surface but had at the time much gentler slopes. Interestingly, … Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. The fourth deepest fjord is located within the Aysén/Aisén Region of Chile, which is the most sparsely populated part of the country. [10], Cliffs surrounding the fjord rise almost sheer from the water to heights of 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) and more. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. Until about 30 km from the very coast the Sognefjord glacier was apparently constricted to its narrow channel of homogeneous gneiss, then the glacier suddenly spread out presumably through sounds and low valleys. [10], The volume of the whole Sognefjorden including its various branches is about 500 cubic kilometres (120 cu mi), while the total volume of rock eroded by glaciers from the entire Sognefjord system and adjacent valleys is about 4,000 cubic kilometres (960 cu mi).[9]. Many people complain about the long winters here in the north, but I love the cold and grey months. The mouth of the fjord opens towards the sea which is usually shallow. Here in Fjord Norway, the nature looks just like a painting. The inner end of the fjord is blanketed by mighty Jostedalsbreen, the biggest glacier in continental Europe. Bolstadfjorden has a threshold of only 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) and strong inflow of freshwater from Vosso river creates a brackish surface that blocks circulation of the deep fjord. Cenozoic uplift of the Scandinavian Mountains, https://www.businessinsider.com/norway-might-get-floating-underwater-tunnel-2016-7?r=US&IR=T, https://www.vegvesen.no/_attachment/274047/binary/485789, Art of the States: Bright Days of Little Sunlight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sognefjord&oldid=997032978, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 18:22. Upload your best active weather photos and videos or watch them in our new searchable gallery. Sognefjord has a maximum depth of 1,308 metres. [11] Hurrungane range at the eastern end of the fjord reaches 2,400 metres (7,900 ft). For around 100 kilometres the depth of the fjord is measured at more 1,000 metres. 1,308 m (4,291 ft) – Sognefjord, Norway. The seabed in Sognefjord is covered by some 200 metres (660 ft) thick sediments such that the bedrock is some 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) below sea level. The municipality and the travel industry cooperate closely t… Hike on the Nigardsbreen Glacier, see the Stave Churches and take a Fjord Cruise on the Nærøyfjord. One of the ferryboats that traverses this fjord is the MV Ampere, the world's first battery-electric car ferry, which crosses the fjord between the towns of Lavik and Ytre Oppedal.[21]. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. Quesnel Lake, located in central British Columbia, is claimed to be the deepest fjord formed lake on Earth. Larger villages on the fjord and its branches include Leirvik, Ytre Oppedal, Vadheim, Høyanger, Vikøyri, Balestrand, Hermansverk, Sogndalsfjøra, Gudvangen, Flåm, Aurlandsvangen, Lærdalsøyri, Årdalstangen, Gaupne and Solvorn. I needed this place deep in the fjords. Measured at 2,001 feet, or 610 meters, Quesnel is the ninth deepest lake on Earth. Also known as Sognefjorden or the King of the Fjords, it is also the largest fjord in Norway. This country contains some of the longest, deepest, and most beautiful fjords in the world. Great Lakes [ edit ] A family of freshwater fjords are the embayments of the North American Great Lakes. Its deepest point is 4,291 feet, and it is both the deepest and largest fjord in Norway. [10][17], Boats connect settlements along the fjord and its sidearms. The Sognefjord Span (power lines) crosses the fjord with a span of 4,597 metres (15,082 ft). The fjord spans some 205 kilometres (127 miles) and has a maximum width of 4.5 kilometres (2.8 miles) at its widest point. In fact, Norway features approximately 1,200 fjords within a stretch of about 16,400 miles of coastline. Along the Patagonian coast, surrounded by majestic snow-capped mountains, corals live among some of the deepest fjords in the world. There is no clear relation between the east-west direction of the main fjord and the fold patterns of the bedrock, while some of tributary fjords in the parts corresponds to fold pattern. The average depth is about ‎4,280 m. The volume of the Pacific Ocean reaches up to some 714 million cubic kilometers. So, what does a big lake mean? Besides, being one of the longest fjords in the world, the Sognefjord is … Norway contains some of the longest, deepest, and most beautiful fjords in the world. 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