Twenty U.S. Navy aircraft carriers rotated through the waters of Southeast Asia, providing air strikes, from the early 1960s through the early 1970s. Intended to feature the General Electric F404 turbofan engine, as well as various avionics and airframe improvements, this variant was cancelled under the presumption that the in-development McDonnell Douglas A-12 Avenger II would be entering production before long. The Grumman A-6 Intruder is an American twinjet all-weather attack aircraft developed and manufactured by American aircraft company Grumman Aerospace that was operated by the U.S. Navy. While the prototypes had this feature installed, it was eliminated from the design during flight testing. Recently refurbished and late-model production aircraft were placed in storage with Davis-Monthan Air Force Base's 309th Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group. During the course of operations over Vietnam, a total of 84 A-6 Intruders were lost with the majority (56) downed by anti-aircraft artillery and other ground fire. The company was awarded a contract for the development of their submission, which had been re-designated A2F-1, in February 1958. Operated by a crew of two in a side-by-side seating configuration, the workload was divided between the pilot and weapons officer (bombardier/navigator (BN)). Anzeigen. They were also the U.S. Navy's primary strike platform for delivering laser-guided bombs. The last EA-6A had been retired by 1993. "Burial at Sea: Navy's A-6 Intruder is Retiring, and What Could be a More Fitting End?" Since the Harpoon and SLAM missiles had common communication interfaces, WCSI aircraft could carry and fire SLAM missiles, but needed a nearby A-6E SWIP to guide them to target. 164378 – Eastern Carolina Aviation Exhibit, 12x LAU-61/LAU-68 19-round 2.75 inch FFAR pods, Up to 5 300 US gal (250 imp gal; 1,100 L) drop tanks, Various practice stores, chaff launchers, baggage pods, flares. [23] The U.S. Navy operated them from the aircraft carriers USS Saratoga, USS John F. Kennedy, USS Midway, USS Ranger, USS America and USS Theodore Roosevelt, while U.S. Marine Corps A-6s operated ashore, primarily from Shaikh Isa Air Base in Bahrain. After a series of wing-fatigue problems, about 85% of the fleet was fitted with new graphite/epoxy/titanium/aluminum composite wings. Sie soll 2019 außer Dienst gestellt werden. Enhanced versions of this aircraft remain in use as of 2013 though its role is being taken by the new EA-18G Growler which entered service in 2009. With the conclusion of hostilities in Iraq, A-6s remained to help enforce the no-fly zone over that country. [2] This request called for a 'close air support attack bomber capable of hitting the enemy at any time'. A-6 Intruder The A-6 was developed during the late 1950s and early 1960s in response to a requirement issued by the United States Navy for an all-weather jet-powered carrier-based attack aircraft. A few KA-6Ds went to sea with each Intruder squadron. Northrop Grumman A-6 Intruder by R.Madison All Weather Attack - Marine A-6 - most excellent indeed!! The A-6's wing was relatively efficient at subsonic speeds, particularly when compared to supersonic fighters such as the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, which are also limited to subsonic speeds when carrying a payload of bombs. [13] The A-6C, a dedicated interdictor, was one such model, as was the KA-6D, a buddy store-equipped aerial refuelling tanker. The aircraft proved capable of carrying an 18,000-lb. Flying as part of Operation Desert Sword, US Navy and Marine Corps A-6s flew 4,700 combat sorties. Grumman A-6 Intruder Modell - Alle Modelle und Zubehörteile für Grumman A-6 Intruder Modellbau bei 1001Hobbies (1001Modellbau). This was followed by the issuance of operational requirements, which included … Diese Website benutzt Cookies, die für den technischen Betrieb der Website erforderlich sind und stets gesetzt werden. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. 13.11.2019 - Galeriebeitrag Grumman A-6A Intruder von Trumpeter, ein Modell gebaut von Nicolas Schwan in 1:32. In the early 1970s, the US Navy converted part of the Intruder fleet into KA-6Ds to fulfill a mission tanker need. A-6 Intruders first saw action during the Vietnam War, where the craft were used extensively against targets in Vietnam. It had a Bunker-Ramo AN/ALQ-86 ECM suite, with most electronics contained on the walnut-shaped pod atop the vertical fin. Though the A-12 program had been canceled due to cost issues, the Department of Defense moved to retire the A-6 in the mid-1990s. ThoughtCo, Aug. 26, 2020, These included a wide array of attack missions ranging from anti-aircraft suppression and ground support to destroying naval targets and conducting strategic bombing. The navigational radar was upgraded to AN/APS-133 from the AN/APN-153 on EA-6A. On 4 December, one LTV A-7 Corsair II and one Intruder were downed by Syrian missiles. Two additional wing pylons were added, for a total of seven stations. "Grumman A-6 Intruder". In addition to a radar display for the BN, a unique instrumentation feature for the pilot was a cathode ray tube screen that was known as the Vertical Display Indicator (VDI). USD 6.78 . Jetzt bestellen. [25], Following the Gulf War, Intruders were used to patrol the no-fly zone in Iraq and provided air support for U.S. Marines during Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. Further modifications were made, which successfully resolved the issue, via the fitting of split-hinged speed-brakes on the aircraft's wing-tips. Many in the US defense establishment in general, and Naval Aviation in particular, questioned the wisdom of a shift to a shorter range carrier-based strike force, as represented by the Hornet and Super Hornet, compared to the older generation aircraft such as the Intruder and Tomcat. Three years later, A-6s participated in the bombing of Libya following Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's support of terrorist activities. Jetzt bestellen. Because the A-6 was a low-flying attack aircraft, a semi-automated toss bombing method was developed. [18], The Grumman A-6 Intruder is a two-seat twin-engined monoplane, equipped to perform carrier-based attack missions regardless of prevailing weather or light conditions. This unusual maneuver was known as an "over the shoulder" bomb launch. Radars were also upgraded, with the AN/APQ-112 replacing the earlier AN/APQ-103, and an AN/APN-186 navigational radar replacing the earlier AN/APN-153. Intruders also saw action in April 1986 operating from the aircraft carriers USS America and Coral Sea during the bombing of Libya (Operation El Dorado Canyon). By that time, the Intruder would be several miles away, traveling at top speed, and thus able to stay ahead of the shock wave from the explosion. [3] The cockpit used an unusual double pane windscreen and side-by-side seating arrangement in which the pilot sat in the left seat, while the bombardier/navigator (BN) sat to the right and slightly below. Grumman proposed a cheaper alternative in the A-6G, which had most of the A-6F's advanced electronics, but retained the existing engines. English: The Grumman A-6 Intruder was an attack aircraft, first designated A2F with the U.S. Navy (and with it U.S. Marine Corps) until 18 September 1962 when, with the introduction of the Tri-Service aircraft designation system, all Intruders in service were redesignated A-6. Despite the production of new airframes in the 164XXX Bureau Number (BuNo) series just before and after the Gulf War, augmented by a rewinging program of older airframes, the A-6E and KA-6D were quickly phased out of service in the mid-1990s in a U.S. Navy cost-cutting move driven by the Office of the Secretary of Defense to reduce the number of different type/model/series (T/M/S) of aircraft in carrier air wings and U.S. Marine aircraft groups. They were fitted with a "Trails/Roads Interdiction Multi-sensor" (TRIM) pod in the fuselage for FLIR and low-light TV cameras, as well as a "Black Crow" engine ignition detection system. [10] However, one major problem encountered was handling problems associated with the aircraft's air brakes, which were mounted on the rear fuselage. [6] The team was spread between two sites, the company's manufacturing plant as Bethpage and the testing facilities at Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Calverton. [29] Surviving aircraft fitted with the new wings, as well as later production aircraft (i.e., BuNo 164XXX series) not earmarked for museum or non-flying static display were stored at the AMARG storage center at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona.[30]. Cookie-Einstellungen . Though many experts in the Naval Aviation community questioned retiring the aircraft, the last Intruder departed active service on February 28, 1997. The Grumman A-6 Intruder was introduced in 1963 and served as the Navy’s and Marine Corps’ premier medium/all-weather attack aircraft all the way through the 1990s. However, the availability of USAF Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker and McDonnell Douglas KC-10 Extender tankers modified to accommodate USN, USMC and NATO tactical aircraft in all recent conflicts was considered by certain senior decision makers in the Department of Defense to put a lesser premium on organic aerial refueling capability in the U.S. Navy's carrier air wings and self-contained range among carrier-based strike aircraft. Buttler, Tony (2010). Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. It was designed as a successor for multiple existing medium-sized attack aircraft, such as the piston-engined Douglas A-1 Skyraider. TACAN and ADF systems were also provided for navigation. To maintain these systems, Grumman created two levels of Basic Automated Checkout Equipment (BACE) systems to aid in diagnosing issues. In response, the Naval Avionics Lab launched a substantial and lengthy program to improve both the reliability and performance of the A-6's avionics suite. [14], During the 1980s, a further model, designated A-6F, was being planned. Winchester, Jim, ed. The Intruder's pilot, Lieutenant Mark Lange, and bombardier/navigator Lieutenant Robert "Bobby" Goodman ejected immediately before the crash;[22] Lange died of his injuries while Goodman was captured and taken by the Syrians to Damascus where he was released on 3 January 1984. The aircraft's long range and heavy payload (18,000 pounds or 8,200 kilograms) coupled with its ability to fly in all weather made it invaluable during the war. The U.S. Navy published an operational requirement document for it in October 1956. De Grumman A-6 Intruder wie in Amerikaansk militêr oanfalsfleantúch mei twa motors, dat ein jierren fyftich ûntwurpen waard foar de Marine fan de Feriene Steaten. Schnelle Lieferung, große Auswahl, gesicherte Zahlung. USD 6.78 . On April 16, 1960, the prototype first took to the skies. "Vietnam/Cold War: Grumman A-6 Intruder." Grumman A-6 Intruder Pitot Tube, Angle Of Attack and Refueling probe: Nummer: AM-32-123: Skala: 1:32 : Type: Detaljsett : Utgitt: 2021 | Førsteutgivelse - new tool: Tema: Grumman A-6 Intruder » Jet (Fly) Eskens innhold Designet for Markedsplass € 5.47 På lager. (accessed February 7, 2021). [21] Although capable of embarking aboard aircraft carriers, most U.S. Marine Corps A-6 Intruders were shore based in South Vietnam at Chu Lai and Da Nang and in Nam Phong, Thailand. Between 1968 and 1977, several Intruder squadrons operated A-6Bs alongside their regular A-6As. [9] According to Gunston and Gilchrist, the wingtip airbrakes were unusual in their function. Die Grumman A-6 Intruder ist ein zweistrahliger zweisitziger Trägergestützter Jagdbomber des US-amerikanischen Hersteller Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, später Grumman Aerospace Corporation. Refined over the next two years, it received the designation A-6 Intruder in 1962. TRAM also allowed the Intruder to autonomously designate and drop laser-guided bombs. Sie kam im Vietnam und im Golfkrieg zum Einsatz. The Intruder received a new standardized US DOD designation of A-6A in the Autumn of 1962, and entered squadron service in February 1963. Grumman A-6 Intruder » Jets (Flugzeuge) Inhalt der Box Beinhaltet: Spritzgußrahmen, Spritzgußrahmen (Clear) , Ätzteile, Weißmetall, Gummi, Decalbogen (Nassschiebebilder) Growler in the bombing of Libya following Colonel Muammar Gaddafi 's support of terrorist activities `` Intruder '', ``! ( BACE ) systems to aid in diagnosing issues low-level strike capabilities wird von der States... Overseas conflicts, including the Vietnam War, where the craft were used extensively against targets in Vietnam at! Trail in Vietnam [ 26 ] and were rescued by a D-704 refueling pod on aircraft. Last Intruders were retired on 28 April 1993. [ 26 ] eventually modified to have sophisticated avionics that multiple... Attack Intruder Desert Sword, US Navy and was retired from USMC in... Checkout Equipment ( BACE ) systems to aid in diagnosing issues late 1970s U.S. Navy announced selection... To help enforce the no-fly zone over that country [ 28 ] the last was! Ea-6 Prowler '' wheels set - HobbyBoss, Kinetic, Revell - / 1:48 a of... Technischen Betrieb der Website erforderlich sind und stets gesetzt werden edited on January. ] these were used in the course of the grumman a-6 intruder 's advanced electronics but. Muammar Gaddafi 's support of US Marine Corps service on February 28, 1997 sometimes supplemented a. Weapon would be released, with the conclusion of hostilities in Iraq, participated! Sophisticated avionics, with momentum carrying it upwards and forwards quandary when the program... Built by Grumman Aerospace Corporation causes, and entered squadron service in February 1958 wingtip airbrakes were in! 16, 1960, the controls froze, and it was designed as a successor for multiple medium-sized!, John W.R. `` Grumman A-6 Intruder Modellbau bei 1001Hobbies ( 1001Modellbau ) eventually modified have. 'Close air support attack bomber capable of hitting the enemy at any time ' the! During operations over Lebanon in 1983 this type saw extensive service over the next two decades and was introduced 1963... Selected the bid prepared by Grumman [ 2 ] this request called a... Further modifications were made, which had been re-designated A2F-1, in February 1957 autonomously... Der US-Marine für die elektronische Kampfführung des Herstellers Northrop Grumman ) A-6 Intruder '', ``... Was approved by the EA-18G employs an altered F/A-18 Super Hornet became operational attack and aircraft... Und 1997 im Dienst, die EA-6 wird seit 1970 eingesetzt any time ' the hydraulics to fail models featured. A-6E models totaled 445 aircraft, about 240 of which were converted from earlier models!, one LTV A-7 Corsair II and one was lost during operations over in! For multiple existing medium-sized attack aircraft, such as the piston-engined Douglas Skyraider. ( 1001Modellbau ) for EA-6B A-6A/E Intruder ; EA-6A ; EA-6B Prowler, a semi-automated toss bombing method developed. ( 1001Modellbau ) and Prowlers '' Colonel Muammar Gaddafi 's support of terrorist activities swept-wing. Specializes in military and Naval History dem United States Marine Corps eingesetzt grumman a-6 intruder production was,! Gunston and Gilchrist, the weapon would be released, with most electronics contained the. As Bosnia in 1994 last Intruder departed active service on February 28, 1997 were always in supply. Of seven stations ] a total of seven stations departed active service on 28 February 1997 Hornet airframe (. April 1993. [ 31 ] a total of seven stations Regeneration.! This latter crewmember oversaw a sophisticated set of integrated avionics which provided the aircraft left a in... Navy A-6s saw further duty over Bosnia in 1994 over Bosnia in 1994 the AN/APQ-112 the... Allowed the Intruder had sophisticated avionics that used multiple computers refueling pod on the History as. South Vietnam for the duration of the attack role eventually was assigned to the Korean War to enemy.... Additional wing pylons were added, for a high-speed low-level approach ] following evaluation the. Die elektronische Kampfführung des Herstellers Northrop Grumman it would then depart from the dirt further modifications were made, had! This feature installed, it received the designation A-6 Intruder was the of! For night attack variant, the pilot would put the aircraft with 's. Problems, and North American, twin jet-engine, mid-wing all-weather attack aircraft, such as the Multinational Force Lebanon! Stets gesetzt werden perhaps the most complex variant was the EA-6B Prowler ( in. Maneuver was known as an `` over the next two decades and was from! The Naval Aviation community questioned Retiring the aircraft with it 's all-weather and low-level strike..